Cervical Spine References        Click here for Back References    For Author's Example References - Click Here   
Epidemiology of Neck Pain and Trauma 
C1: Spitzer WO, Skovron ML, Salmi LR et al. Scientific monograph of the Quebec Task Force on whiplash-associated disorders: redefining "whiplash" and its management. Spine 1995; 20 (Suppl):8S-73S. 
C2: Cote P, Cassidy JD, Carroll L.The Saskatchewan Health and Back Pain Survey. The prevalence of neck pain and related disability in Saskatchewan adults. Spine. 1998 Aug 1;23(15):1689-98. 
C3: Schrader H, Obelieniene D, Bovim G, Surkiene D, Mickeviciene D, Miseviciene I, Sand T. Natural evolution of late whiplash syndrome outside the medicolegal context.  Lancet 1996 May 4;347(9010):1207-11 
C4: Partheni M, Constantoyannis C, Ferrari R, Nikiforidis G, Voulgaris S, Papadakis N. A prospective cohort study of the outcome of acute whiplash injury in Greece.  Clin Exp Rheumatol 2000 Jan-Feb;18(1):67-70 
C5: Cassidy JD, Carroll LJ, Cote P, Lemstra M, Berglund A, Nygren A. Effect of eliminating compensation for pain and suffering on the outcome of insurance claims for whiplash injury. N Engl J Med. 2000 Apr 20;342(16):1179-86 
C6: Cote P, Cassidy JD, Carroll L. The factors associated with neck pain and its related disability in the Saskatchewan population. Spine. 2000 May 1;25(9):1109-17. 
C6a: Ferrari R, Russell AS, Carroll LJ, Cassidy JD. A re-examination of the whiplash associated disorders (WAD) as a systemic illness. Ann Rheum Dis. 2005 Sep;64(9):1337-42. 
C7: Cote P, Hogg-Johnson S, Cassidy JD, Carroll L, Frank JW. The association between neck pain intensity, physical functioning, depressive symptomatology and time-to-claim-closure after whiplash. J Clin Epidemiol. 2001 Mar;54(3):275-86 
C8: Kasch H, Stengaard-Pedersen K, Arendt-Nielsen L, Staehelin Jensen T.  Headache, neck pain, and neck mobility after acute whiplash injury: a prospective study.  Spine 2001 Jun 1;26(11):1246-51 
C9: Cote P, Cassidy JD, Carroll L. The treatment of neck and low back pain: who seeks care? who goes where? Med Care. 2001 Sept;39(9):956-67 
C10: Cote P, Cassidy JD, Carroll LJ, Kristman V. The annual incidence and course of neck pain in the general population: a population-based cohort study. Pain. 2004 Dec;112(3):267-73. 
C10a: Côté P, Hogg-Johnson S, Cassidy JD, Carroll L, Frank JW, Bombardier C. Early aggressive care and delayed recovery from whiplash: Isolated finding or reproducible result? Arthritis Rheum. 2007 Jun 15;57(5):861-8 
C10b Hill J, Lewis M, Papageorgiou AC, Dziedzic K, Croft P.Predicting persistent neck pain: a 1-year follow-up of a population cohort. Spine. 2004 Aug 1;29(15):1648-54.Primary Care Sciences Research  
Role of Fusion Questioned with Decompression 
C10: Savolainen S, Rinne J, Hernesniemi J.A prospective randomized study of anterior single-level cervical disc operations with long-term follow-up. Neurosurgery. 1999 Apr;44(4):919. 
C11: Dowd GC, Wirth FP. Anterior cervical discectomy: is fusion necessary? J Neurosurg. 1999 Jan;90(1 Suppl):8-12. 
Role of Hardware in Anterior Cervical Fusion 
C12: Samartzis D, Shen FH, Lyon C, Phillips M, Goldberg EJ, An HS. Does rigid instrumentation increase the fusion rate in one-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion? Spine J. 2004 Nov-Dec;4(6):636-43. 
Aging Estimates after Fusion 
C13: Baba H, Furusawa N, Imura S, Kawahara N, Tsuchiya H, Tomita K. Late radiographic findings after anterior cervical fusion for spondylotic myeloradiculopathy. Spine. 1993 Nov;18(15):2167-73. 
C14: Capen DA, Garland DE, Waters RL. Surgical stabilization of the cervical spine. A comparative analysis of anterior and posterior spine fusions.  Clin Orthop. 1985 Jun;(196):229-37. 
C15: Cherubino P, Benazzo F, Borromeo U, Perle S. Degenerative arthritis of the adjacent spinal joints following anterior cervical spinal fusion: clinicoradiologic and statistical correlations. Ital J Orthop Traumatol. 1990 Dec;16(4):533-43 
C16: Hilibrand AS, Carlson GD, Palumbo MA, Jones PK, Bohlman HH. Radiculopathy and myelopathy at segments adjacent to the site of a previous anterior cervical arthrodesis. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1999 Apr;81(4):519-28. 
Under-reported Dysphonia and Dysphagia 
C17: Edwards CC 2nd, Karpitskaya Y, Cha C, Heller JG, Lauryssen C, Yoon ST, Riew KD. Accurate identification of adverse outcomes after cervical spine surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2004 Feb;86-A(2):251-6. 
C18: Winslow CP, Winslow TJ, Wax MK. Dysphonia and dysphagia following the anterior approach to the cervical spine. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2001 Jan;127(1):51-5. 
C19: Bazaz R, Lee MJ, Yoo JU. Incidence of dysphagia after anterior cervical spine surgery: a prospective study. Spine. 2002 Nov 15;27(22):2453-8. 
1990's Increased Use of Cervical Fusion 
C20: Angevine PD, Arons RR, McCormick PC. National & regional rates and variation of cervical discectomy with & without anterior fusion. 1990-1999. Spine. 2003 May 1;28(9):931-9; discussion 940. 
Minimal Surgical Impact 
C21: Fouyas IP, Statham PF, Sandercock PA. Cochrane review on the role of surgery in cervical spondylotic radiculomyelopathy. Spine. 2002 Apr 1;27(7):736-47. 
C22: Persson LC, Moritz U, Brandt L, Carlsson CA. Cervical radiculopathy: pain, muscle weakness & sensory loss in patients with cervical radiculopathy treated with surgery, physiotherapy or cervical collar. Eur Spine J. 1997;6(4):256-66. 
C23: Kadanka Z, et al., Bednarik J, Vohanka S. Conservative treatment versus surgery in spondylotic cervical myelopathy: a prospective randomised study. Eur Spine J. 2000 Dec;9(6):538-44; discussion 545-6. 
C24: Kadanka Z, Mares M, Bednanik J, Smrcka V, Krbec M, Stejskal L, Chaloupka R, Surelova D, Novotny O, Urbanek I, Dusek L. Approaches to spondylotic cervical myelopathy: conservative versus surgical results in a 3-year follow-up study. Spine. 2002 Oct 15;27(20):2205-10; discussion 2210-1 
Total Disk Replacement 
C25:Hacker RJ. Cervical disc arthroplasty: a controlled randomized prospective study with intermediate follow-up results. Invited submission from the joint section meeting on disorders of the spine and peripheral nerves, J Neurosurg Spine. 2005 Dec;3(6):424-8. 
C26:Coric D, Finger F, Boltes P. Prospective randomized controlled study of the Bryan Cervical Disc: early clinical results from a single investigational site. J Neurosurg Spine. 2006 Jan;4(1):31-5 
Radiofrequency Facet Rhizotomy 
C27: Lord SM, Barnsley L, Wallis BJ, McDonald GJ, Bogduk N. Percutaneous radio-frequency neurotomy for chronic cervical zygapophyseal-joint pain. N Engl J Med 1996 Dec 5;335(23):1721-6 
C28: Niemisto L, Kalso E, Malmivaara A, Seitsalo S, Hurri H. Radiofrequency denervation for neck and back pain: a systematic review within the framework of the cochrane collaboration back. Spine. 2003 Aug 15;28(16):1877-88. 
C29: Carragee EJ, Hurwitz EL, Cheng I, Carroll LJ, Nordin M, Guzman J, Peloso P, Holm LW, Côté P, Hogg-Johnson S, van der Velde G, Cassidy JD, Haldeman S; Treatment of neck pain: injections and surgical interventions: results of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders. Spine. 2008 Feb 15;33(4 Suppl):S153-69. 
Normal Aging Changes without Symptoms 
C30: Boden SD, McCowin PR, Davis DO, Dina TS, Mark AS, Wiesel S. Abnormal magnetic-resonance scans of the cervical spine in asymptomatic subjects. A prospective investigation. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1990 Sep;72(8):1178-84 
C31: Matsumoto M, Fujimura Y, Suzuki N, Nishi Y, Nakamura M, Yabe Y, Shiga H. MRI of cervical intervertebral discs in asymptomatic subjects. J Bone Joint Surg Br 1998 Jan;80(1):19-24. 
C32: Nordin M, Carragee EJ, Hogg-Johnson S, Weiner SS, Hurwitz EL, Peloso PM, Guzman J, van der Velde G, Carroll LJ, Holm LW, Côté P, Cassidy JD, Haldeman S. Assessment of neck pain and its associated disorders: results of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010 Task Force on Neck Pain and Its Associated Disorders. Spine. 2008 Feb 15;33(4 Suppl):S101-22. 
C33: Peloso PM, Gross AR, Haines TA, Trinh K, Goldsmith CH, Aker P. Medicinal and injection therapies for mechanical neck disorders: a Cochrane systematic review. J Rheumatol. 2006 May;33(5):957-67. 
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